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Alkmaar is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. Alkmaar is well known for its traditional cheese market. For tourists, it is a popular cultural destination.HistoryThe earliest mention of the name Alkmaar is in a 10th-century document. As the village grew into a town, it was granted city rights in 1254. The oldest part of Alkmaar lies on an ancient sand bank that afforded some protection from inundation during medieval times. Even so, it is only a couple of metres above the surrounding region, which consists of some of the oldest polders in existence.In 1573 the city underwent a siege by Spanish forces under the leadership of Don Fadrique, son of the Duke of Alva. The citizens sent urgent messages for help to the Prince of Orange; he responded by promising to open the floodgates of the dykes and flood the region if the need arose, which despite the protestations of the peasantry, fearful for their harvest, he proceeded to do. Some of his dispatches fell into the hands of Don Fadrique, and, with the waters beginning to rise, the Spaniards raised the siege and fled. It was a turning point in the Eighty Years War and gave rise to the expression Bij Alkmaar begint de victorie ("Victory begins at Alkmaar"). The event is still celebrated every year in Alkmaar on 8 October, the day the siege ended.Plan your holiday in Alkmaar and other destinations, from the rural, to the urban, and everything in between, using our The Netherlands trip itinerary maker app.
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Top tours near Alkmaar
$36 BOOK WITH VIATOR Volendam, Marken and Windmills Day Trip from Amsterdam Volendam, Marken and Windmills Day Trip from Amsterdam
Duration: 5 hours
$39 BOOK WITH VIATOR Day Trip to Zaanse Schans, Edam, Volendam and Marken from Amsterdam Day Trip to Zaanse Schans, Edam, Volendam and Marken from Amsterdam
Duration: 6 hours 30 minutes
$94 BOOK WITH VIATOR Zaanse Schans Windmills and Volendam Small-Group Tour from Amsterdam Zaanse Schans Windmills and Volendam Small-Group Tour from Amsterdam
Duration: 5 hours 30 minutes
$40 BOOK WITH VIATOR Volendam, Edam and Zaanse Schans Windmills Live Guided Day Tour from Amsterdam Volendam, Edam and Zaanse Schans Windmills Live Guided Day Tour from Amsterdam
Duration: 6 hours 30 minutes
$111 BOOK WITH VIATOR Private Walking Tour through Leeuwarden Private Walking Tour through Leeuwarden
Duration: 1 hour 30 minutes
$38 BOOK WITH VIATOR Zaanse Schans, Marken, Edam & Volendam - Day Trip Zaanse Schans, Marken, Edam & Volendam - Day Trip
Duration: 7 hours
$549 BOOK WITH VIATOR Private countryside tour: the highlights of Holland with guide and car Private countryside tour: the highlights of Holland with guide and car
Duration: 6 to 7 hours
$128 BOOK WITH VIATOR Giethoorn, Afsluitdijk, Zaanse Schans Day Tour Mini VIP Bus Incl. Hotel Pick Up Giethoorn, Afsluitdijk, Zaanse Schans Day Tour Mini VIP Bus Incl. Hotel Pick Up
Duration: 10 hours
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