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Trip Planner Africa  /  Niger  /  Zinder Region  /  Zinder


Ruins · Museums · Sacred & Religious Sites
Zinder, formerly also spelled Sinder, is the second largest city in Niger, with a population of 170,574 ; by 2005 its population was estimated to be over 200,000. It is situated 861km east of the capital Niamey and 240km north of the Nigerian city of Kano.HistoryEarly historyZinder rose from a small Hausa village to an important centre of the Trans-Saharan trade with the founding of the Sultanate of Damagaram in 1736 by Kanouri aristocrats. The large fortress of the southeast central city (Birini) was built shortly thereafter, and became a major hub for trade south through Kano and east to Bornu. The Tuareg encampments and trade houses of the suburb Zengou expanded with this trade.In the 19th century, the area was originally subject to the Sultanate of Bornu but was fully independent by the time of Rabah's conquest of that state. The French explorer Cazemajou was killed in the city in 1897. It was then, after a brief resistance, occupied in July 1899 by Lt. Pallier of the Voulet-Chanoine mission. The French barracks was called Fort Cazemajou and it served as the capital of the Niger Military Territory upon its creation in 1911. In 1926, following fears of Hausa revolts and improving relations with the Djerma of the west, the capital was transferred back to the village of Niamey.
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