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Barbarossahohle, Rottleben

4.8
#2 of 18 in Outdoors in Thuringia
Must see · Outdoor Activity
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The Barbarossa Cave is an anhydrite cave in the Kyffhäuser Hills near Rottleben in the east German state of Thuringia. It is a cave with large caverns, grottos and lakes. The anhydrite has formed gypsum on the surface due to the air moisture in the cave and, as a result, has increased in volume. The resulting layers of gypsum gradually separate from the underlying rock and hang like wallpaper from the walls and ceilings of the underground caverns.It was discovered in 1865 as a gallery was being driven during prospecting work for kupferschiefer, a copper-bearing shale or bituminous marl. By 1866 it had been developed and opened as a show cave under the name of Falkenburg Cave . It has a floor area of about 25,000 m². Of interest to visitors are the underground lakes whose gypsum content gives them an iridescent green colour, and a human made stone construction, known as Barbarossa's Table and Chair .Its location in the Kyffhäuser Hills gave rise to its link with the Barbarossa Legend and its proximity to the Kyffhäuser Monument led to it being renamed the Barbarossa Cave at the end of the 19th century. According to the legend, Frederick Barbarossa will sleep in an underground palace until Germany is unified. His beard is growing around a round table. To date, it has gone around the table twice, but when it has encircled the table a third time, the end of the world will begin or Barbarossa will awaken and begin his reign anew. According to the legend, until then, there will be no other good emperors.
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Barbarossahohle reviews

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TripAdvisor traveler rating
TripAdvisor traveler rating 4.5
73 reviews
Google
4.7
TripAdvisor
  • Very unusually formed caves with a number of lakes. It has to be visited with a guide who provides a lot of interesting information. The tour is in German, but audio guides are available in other... 
    Very unusually formed caves with a number of lakes. It has to be visited with a guide who provides a lot of interesting information. The tour is in German, but audio guides are available in other...  more »
  • The woman at the country was very friendly. Headsets for different languages are available if you are willing to leave your driver's license or some other ID as collateral. It was an enjoyable walk... 
    The woman at the country was very friendly. Headsets for different languages are available if you are willing to leave your driver's license or some other ID as collateral. It was an enjoyable walk...  more »
Google
  • I'm sure it's actually an interesting place but unfortunately we went through the cave with a quite unfriendly and rough tour guide. Bit scary when the guide started yelling at children who walked accidentally off track. Lights were switched off on guests who walked slightly slower and she didn't wait to explain sights to the whole group. Rough experience. Would not recommend nor come back.
  • Impressive cave system. Accessible only with tour. Had a great guide, german only. Wear good shoes and bring a jacket, its cold below ground.

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