The church of St. Christoph in Mainz, known in German as St. Christoph zu Mainz, is an example of early gothic architecture. St. Christoph was originally built between 1240 and 1330. The church is known as the Parish Church and Baptistry of Johannes Gutenberg.
It had been erected in Christofstraße in the historic city centre of Mainz and adjacent to the Karmeliterplatz. Its ruins represent the central war memorial in the city of Mainz, in memory of the victims and the destruction of the city in World War II, such as the bombing of Mainz on 27 February 1945.
The former parish church was mentioned for the first time in documents of 893. In a document by Pope Innocent II in the year 1140 the patronage of St. Maximin's Abbey, Trier was laid down.
Except for its Romanesque tower with pairings of two arched windows, dating from around 1240, the present building dates from the decades around 1280 until the 1330. In the 17th and 18th century, the church was renovated and redesigned in Baroque architecture.
Peter Canisius joined the Society of Jesus effective on 8 May 1543 as the eighth person and placed his vow in the rectory of St. Christopher. In 1762 the church was renovated.
During World War II it was razed except for the external walls. During the great air raid on Mainz on 12 and 13 August 1942 St. Christopher burned down, whereas a renewed bombing on 27 February 1945 with tactical demolition bombs brought the vaults to collapse. The outer walls have been restored and protected on the north side by concrete columns. The new buttresses have been provided with a relief by the Mainz sculptor Heinz Hemrich carrying symbolic representations of the city's history. The church now is designed as a war memorial. A commemorative plaque in the floor tells the embedded text ″Den Toten zum Gedenken/ Den Lebenden zur Mahnung″ ″In memory of the dead / as a reminder for the Living". With our world travel planner, Mainz attractions like St. Christoph-Kirche can be center stage of your vacation plans, and you can find out about other attractions like it, unlike it, near it, and miles away.
St. Christoph-Kirche reviews
The St. Christoph-Kirche is mostly in ruins... the bombed-out remains of an ancient stone church. It is nicely presented to remind of the destruction and senselessness of war.
The St. Christoph-Kirche is mostly in ruins... the bombed-out remains of an ancient stone church. It is nicely presented to remind of the destruction and senselessness of war. more »
When visiting Mainz this is a sight not to be missed. Not only has this church a scenographic impact, but it was also the place where Gutenberg was baptized.
When visiting Mainz this is a sight not to be missed. Not only has this church a scenographic impact, but it was also the place where Gutenberg was baptized. more »
Very impactful church visit with a great visual explanation and experience of the tragedy of war . Specifically the destruction caused by bombing during World war 2. Recommended
Beautiful place. There's seats to sit in front of the church and a nice small park. The place itself is illuminated by some light installations. Its very quiet although you're in the middle of the city.
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