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Die Mainzer Zitadelle, Mainz

4.2
#6 of 11 in Historic Sites in Mainz
Historic Site · Hidden Gem · Tourist Spot
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The Mainzer Zitadelle is situated at the fringe of the Old Town near Mainz Römisches Theater station. The fortress was constructed in 1660 and was an important part of the Fortress Mainz.
The Jakobsberg hill, where the citadel was constructed, had been occupied by a Benedictine abbey during the middle ages (since 1050). Halfway up the hill, the amphitheater of the Roman settlement of Mogontiacum, which has been recently excavated, must also have been visible at that time. The Jakobsberg hill, however, had not been integrated in the ring of the defensive city walls of the town and this flank of the city was therefore only slightly protected. This position immediately at the gates of the town opened a strategic gap, as an aggressor could use the hill for a raid into Mainz or for a cannonade. The construction of the "Schweickhardtsburg" fortress under the supervision of cathedral vicar Adolph von Waldenburg during the years 1620-29 provisionally filled this gap and integrated the hill into the system of city walls. The name of the irregularly pentagonal fortification honors the reigning monarch of that time, the prince-elector Johann Schweikhard von Kronberg.
Around 1655 prince-elector Johann Philipp von Schönborn initiated an improvement of the fortification of the entire town comprising bastions according to French type. Within this modification of the fortress, the Schweickhardtsburg was converted into the regular, quadrangular citadel, as it is today. St. Jacobs abbey and the Roman cenotaph, the Drususstein, remained untouched within the fortress.
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Die Mainzer Zitadelle reviews

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Google
4.4
TripAdvisor
  • We found our visit to citadel very interesting. We walked from the old city so we could feel better the relationship between the citadel complex and Mainz. To explore the citadel is quite enjoyable... 
    We found our visit to citadel very interesting. We walked from the old city so we could feel better the relationship between the citadel complex and Mainz. To explore the citadel is quite enjoyable...  more »
  • This citadel is well located. Mainz a few centuries ago, one of the most important cities in Europe does not matter today. The Citadel is a building structure that once had phenomenal significance... 
    This citadel is well located. Mainz a few centuries ago, one of the most important cities in Europe does not matter today. The Citadel is a building structure that once had phenomenal significance...  more »
Google
  • Great place to enjoy an afternoon stroll or just sit on the grass and relax with a book. On Sunday afternoon the place was super quiet with only Restaurant Citadelle being open. We got there on scooters but it is in walkable distance from Römisches Theater S-Bahn station, however a car park is available in the premises of the Citadelle as well. Currently (May 2022) there is a lot going on and parts of the Citadelle are under construction, nevertheless it is worth visiting this historical monument.
  • A great place to enjoy an afternoon stroll or just relax with a book on the lawn. After the Sunday meetings, only Restaurant Citadelle was open where it was super quiet. We went there by scooters, but within walking distance of the Römisches Theater S-Bahn station, but there is also a car park on the premises of the Citadelle. There's a lot going on right now (May 2022) and the construction experiences of parts of the Citadelle are still worth a visit to this historic monument.

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