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Trip Planner Africa  /  Benin  /  Littoral Department

Littoral Department

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Littoral is one of the twelve departments of Benin. Littoral is the smallest department of all of the twelve in the country, as well as the most cosmopolitan. Its capital is Cotonou, Benin's largest city. The area is 79km2. The department of Littoral was created in 1999 by splitting territories from Atlantique Department.Per 2013 census, the total population of the department was 679,012 with 325,872 males and 353,140 females. The proportion of women was 52.00 per cent. The total rural population was 0.00 percent, while the urban population was 100.00 per cent. The total labour force in the department was 253,892 out of which 46.00 per cent were women. The proportion of households with no level of education was 21.10.GeographyThe coastal areas have interconnected lakes and lagoons and elongated coastlines with wide marsh. Freshwater and seawater fishing is the major profession in the region. Petroleum was discovered in the 60s in offshore areas, while titanium, low quality iron ore, ilmenite and chromite are the major minerals. The southern regions receive two spells from March to July and September to November while the northern regions of the country receive one season of rainfall from May to September. The country receives an average annual rainfall of around 1200mm, but the region in the department receives relatively lesser rainfall. The department has mostly low-lying sandy coastal plains towards Atlantic Ocean, marshes, lagoons and lakes. The highest elevation in the department around the coastal plains is 20m compared to the average 200m above average mean sea level of the country.DemographicsPer 2013 census, the total population of the department was 679,012 with 325,872 males and 353,140 females. The proportion of women was 52.00 per cent. The total rural population was 0.00 percent, while the urban population was 100.00 per cent. The proportion of women in child bearing age of 15 to 49 years was 28.00 per cent. The total foreign population in the department was 57,516 which formed 8.50 per cent of the total population in the department. The proportion of assets of foreigners aged 10+ years was 41.10 per cent, while for the people aged 15-64 years, it was 40.70 per cent. The proportion of women in foreign population constituted 48.90 per cent. The number of households in the department was 166,433 and the average household size was 4.1. The intercensal growth rate of population was 0.20 per cent.
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